This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. [15], The results demonstrate that carrying out a task requiring creative thinking does have an effect on one's mood. What is the chemical reaction for photosynthesis? Most of the thinking called for in schools is convergent, as schools require students to gather and remember information and make logical decisions and answers accordingly. Linear thinking, or convergent thinking, is about learning facts, follow instructions, and solving problems with one right answer. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Convergent thinking definition: analytical, usually deductive , thinking in which ideas are examined for their logical... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Compare divergent or creative ‘lateral’ thinking, characterized by unorthodox mental processes but often productive of a number of different and sometimes valuable solutions. This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 23:10. It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and on standardized multiple-choice tests for intelligence. In this view, answers are either right or wrong. Start studying Cognition- Convergent Thinking. convergent-thinking | definition: thinking that brings together information focussed on solving a problem (especially solving problems that have a single correct solution) | synonyms: mentation, intellection, problem solving, cerebration, thought process, thinking, thought| antonyms: divergent thinking, convergent thinking, irrational, conception, misconception Future investigations into this topic should focus more upon the developmental, cognitive and perpetual aspects of personality among divergent and convergent thinkers, rather than their attitude structures. [1] Knowledge is another important aspect of creativity. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer.It can often be demonstrated that there's a right answer to a calculation, decision or problem. Examples of convergent questions in teaching in the classroom: The idea of convergent thinking has been critiqued by researchers who claim that not all problems have solutions that can be effectively ranked. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. Convergent and Divergent Thinking Comparison . The fact that Openness was found to be the strongest personality correlate of divergent thinking is not surprising, as previous studies have suggested that Openness be interpreted as a proxy of creativity. [14], For the remote associates tasks, the convergent thinkers correctly solved more of the five remote associates problems then did those using divergent thinking. To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. Most of the thinking called for in schools is convergent, as schools require students to gather and remember information and make logical decisions and answers accordingly. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Strategies of Divergent Thinking. Here, the ideas produced during divergent ideation are analysed, and critiqued using logical reasoning and … in arithmetic : creative thinking that may follow many lines of thought and tends to generate new and original solutions to problems — compare convergent thinking Other Words from divergent thinking divergent thinker \ -​ər Two types of convergent tasks used were, the first being a remote associates tasks, which gave the subject three words and asked what word the previous three words are related to. Math is an example of convergent thinking. [21], "Creativity, divergent thinking and Openness to Experience", "Central β-adrenergic modulation of cognitive flexibility", "Creative Innovation: Possible Brain Mechanisms", "A Neuroeconomic Framework for Creative Cognition", "An integrative theory of locus coeruleus-norepinephrine function: Adaptive gain and optimal performance", "Creative mood swings: divergent and convergent thinking affect mood in opposite ways", "A Cognitive Neuroscience Hypothesis of Mood and Depression", "Bilingualism and creativity: benefits in convergent thinking come with losses in divergent thinking", "Tomorrow's Professor Msg.#67 Asking the Right Questions In Class", 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0992(199903/05)29:2/3<329::AID-EJSP930>3.0.CO;2-6, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convergent_thinking&oldid=993308276, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. [3] Once a sufficient number of ideas have been explored, convergent thinking can be used. Convergent and Divergent thinking are like two sides of a coin. [1] It is oriented toward deriving the single best, or most often correct answer to a question. Conversely, minority support for the argument had no effect on the subjects. Different patterns of change for the EEG parameters were found during each type of thinking. Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. Comments are closed. [8], Convergent and divergent thinking depend on the locus coeruleus neurotransmission system,[9][10][11] which modulates noradrenaline levels in the brain. [17] When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. [7] Finally, the obtained dominance of the right hemisphere and ‘the cognitive axis’, the coupling of the left occipital – right frontal in contrast to the right occipital – left frontal ‘axis’ characterizing analytic thinking, may reflect the EEG pattern of the unconscious mental processing during successful divergent thinking. Medical Definition of convergent thinking. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … Guilford coined convergent thinking in contrast with divergent thinking. Summary points on divergent and convergent thinking. Convergent thinking emphasizes speed, accuracy, and logic and focuses on recognizing the familiar, reapplying techniques, and accumulating stored information. The problem is that when one is dealing with more complex problems, the individual may not be able to appropriately rank the solutions available to them. Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. 카지노사이트 on Campanulate; ESCORTS IN LAHORE on … Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or make decisions is known as convergent type thinking. Convergent Thinking Convergent thinking means narrowing the focus, carefully selecting the best options to take forward, and importantly always with an open mind. This provides considerable support for the idea that mood and cognition are not only related, but also that this relation is reciprocal. Learn more. Knowledge, logic, probabilities and other decision-making strategies are taken into consideration as the solutions are evaluated individually in a search for a single best answer which when reached is unambiguous. in arithmetic. Divergent thinking tests represent a performance-based measure of such. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Convergent thinking is systematic and logical (Williams 2003). [21] In a study where experimental manipulations were used to motivate subjects to engage in convergent or divergent thinking when presented with either majority or minority support for persuasive arguments, a pattern emerged under the convergent thinking condition where majority support produced more positive attitudes on the focal issue. Define divergent thinking. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? See more. [7] The large increase in amplitude and coherence indicates a close synchronization between both hemispheres in the brain. Convergent Thinking. Both divergent and convergent thinking are essential in problem solving. Openness is a self-report of one’s preference for thinking "outside the box”. [1] Convergent thinking is used as a tool in creative problem solving. Summary: Using imagination. On reflecting over the entirety of the play Hamlet, what were the main reasons why Ophelia went mad? The second type of convergent thinking task were insight problems, which gave the subjects some contextual facts and then asked them a question requiring interpretation. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. [2] Multiple possible solutions are explored in a short amount of time, and unexpected connections are drawn. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. Convergent definition: (of two or more lines, paths , etc) moving towards or meeting at some common point | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Convergent Thinking. What does convergent thinking mean? Convergent thinking is a style of thought that attempts to consider all available information and arrive at the single best possible answer. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary The deductive logic that the fictional character Sherlock Homes used is a … Convergent thinking is a process whereby a person arrives at a single, correct answer. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. Therefore convergent questions are designed to try and help you find the solution to a problem, or a single response to a question. Results indicate that subjects who classified as high on divergent thinking had significantly higher word fluency and reading scores than subjects who classified as low on divergent thinking. Example of Convergent and Divergent Thinking These traits, namely Openness and Extraversion, were found to facilitate divergent thinking production. The core steps of creative problem solving—divergent and convergent thinking —define a sequence of Phases that are common to creativity and engineering. No personality effects on convergent thinking were found, suggesting that the Big Five personality traits are a better predictor of divergent thinking than convergent thinking or that all types of individuals engage in convergent thinking regardless of their personality.[4]. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. [7] Meanwhile, convergent thinking induced coherence increases in the Theta 1 band that was more caudal and right-sided. The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking and divergent thinking in 1956. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition [20], Furthermore, convergent thinking has also been said to devalue minority arguments. The divergent thinking aspect, … [1] A critical aspect of convergent thinking is that it leads to a single best answer, leaving no room for ambiguity. Thus, creative thinking seems to involve two components: generation of novelty (via divergent thinking) and evaluation of the novelty (via convergent thinking). They are completely in contrast with each other yet extremely important in our daily lives. It is oriented toward deriving the single best, or most often correct answer to a question. Divergent thinking means expanding your thoughts and developing options in many different directions: searching for new trends, problems, possibilities & opportunities for change, defining problems from different angles, looking for different facts and points of view and even seeking out options and alternatives when it seems that none exist. convergent thinking: Analytical thinking that follows a set of rules, as in arithmetic, or in which the logical validity of the thought processes is checked and verified. It involves breaking a topic down into its various component parts in order to gain insight about the various aspects of the topic. It is a source of ideas, suggests pathways to solutions, and provides criteria of effectiveness and novelty. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique involving the bringing together different ideas from different participants or fields to determine a single … Divergent thinkingtakes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Convergent thinking is used when there is a … Convergent definition, characterized by convergence; tending to come together; merging. Math is an example of convergent thinking. Convergent Thinking A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. [13], Creative ability was measured in a study using convergent tasks, which require a single correct answer, and divergent tasks, which requires producing many different answers of varying correctness. Convergent Thinking. Therefore convergent questions are designed to try and help you find the solution to a problem, or a single response to a question. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? [14], For the divergent thinking tasks, although together all of the divergent tasks demonstrated a correlation, they were not significant when examined between conditions. Convergent thinking, on the other hand, is known as the practice of selecting the optimal solution from a finite set of ideas collected from different sources in order to solve a discrete challenge quickly and efficiently. Convergent thinking involves starting with pieces of information, converging around a solution. Definition of convergent thinking in the Definitions.net dictionary. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. Other researchers have occasionally used the terms Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. On the other hand, divergent thinking demonstrated amplitude decreases in the caudal regions of the cortex in Theta 1 and 2 bands. Results indicate that two personality traits were found to be significantly associated with divergent thinking. It’s necessary! Meaning of convergent thinking. divergent thinking. Divergence considers a number of ideas whereas convergence seeks the best … To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. thinking definition in English dictionary, thinking meaning, synonyms, see also 'convergent thinking',divergent thinking',lateral thinking',wishful thinking'. Thinking that is directed at producing a single, correct answer to a problem, divergent thinking. Convergent thinking definition: analytical, usually deductive , thinking in which ideas are examined for their logical... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The deductive reasoning Sherlock Holmes used in solving mysteries is a good example of convergent thinking. Convergent thinking is usually contrasted with divergent thinking, which is defined as searching for a variety of relevant solutions to problems that have many possible answers, such as when one is brainstorming for topics to write about for a poem. Add flashcard Cite Random Convergent thinking is a style of thought that attempts to consider all available information and arrive at the single best possible answer. See more. Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed resolutions in effort to … Divergent and convergent thinking are frequently used in combination. Determining the correct answer to a multiple choice question is an example. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The successful generation of the hypothesis during divergent thinking performance seems to induce positive emotions which, in part, can be due to the increase of complexity and performance measures of creative thinking, Psycho-inter-hemispheric coherence. [2] Examples of divergent thinking include using brainstorming, free writing and creative thinking at the beginning of the problem solving process to generate possible solutions that can be evaluated later. Also called: ‘Thinking … What are signs of nitrogen deficiency in plants? Divergent thinking leaves room for ambiguity while convergent thinking strongly focuses on the exact answer. Examples are multiple choice tests, math quizzes, spelling tests and many other standardised tests in education systems. It focuses on a single, well-thought answer to a problem or, most often, the correct solution that will aid in the formulation of decision-making strategies. It is essential in the outlining and organizing process. [20] In these instances, researchers indicate that when dealing with complex problems, other variables such as one’s gut feeling or instinctive problem solving abilities also have a role in determining a solution to a given problem. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. Convergent thinking assigns a position to one solution over another. Divergent thinking is sometimes used as a synonym for creativity in psychology literature. Information and translations of convergent thinking in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In the design world—where we’re constantly employing design thinking in our work—both approaches are necessary and lead to unique solutions for challenges that require exploration and creativity.. Divergent and convergent thinking are both methods of thinking … convergent meaning: 1. coming closer together: 2. becoming more similar: 3. coming closer together: . Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a "correct" solution. It’s not a must for one to always be in conjunction with another but they tend to function best when used in conjunction. [12], A series of standard intelligence tests were used to measure both the convergent and divergent thinking abilities of adolescents. The convergent thinking aspect of the invented task was—unsurprisingly—related to the standard Raven's format. [13], Conversely, subjects in the high convergent thinking group illustrated higher grade averages for the previous school year, less difficulty with homework and also indicated that their parents pressed them towards post-secondary education. Research indicates that preparing for a creative thinking task induces mood swings depending on what type of thinking is used for the task. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. convergent thinking: Analytical thinking that follows a set of rules, as in arithmetic, or in which the logical validity of the thought processes is checked and verified. Convergent thinking is also linked to knowledge as it involves manipulating existing knowledge by means of standard procedures. Convergent thinking is often used in conjunction with divergent thinking. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a "correct" solution. In contrast, you can use divergent thinking to create several unique solutions for a give… When an individual is using critical thinking to solve a problem they consciously use standards or probabilities to make judgments. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? divergent thinking synonyms, divergent thinking pronunciation, divergent thinking translation, English dictionary definition of divergent thinking. Convergent definition, characterized by convergence; tending to come together; merging. It is most effective in situations where an answer readily exists and simply needs to be either recalled or worked out through decision m… This allows one to find a single best solution that is measurable.[17]. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. In the field of design, the concept permeates much of design thinking and can be found more explicitly in many design methods and techniques, … Divergent thinking led to a more positive mood, whereas convergent thinking had the opposite effect, leading to a more negative mood. Convergent thinking emphasizes speed, accuracy, and logic and focuses on recognizing the familiar, reapplying techniques, and accumulating stored information. When an individual is using critical thinking to solve a problem they consciously use standards or probabilities to make judgments. [2], The personality correlates of divergent and convergent thinking have been studied. Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. “Convergent thinking is associated with analysis, judgment, and decision-making. Convergent thinking is the type of thinking that focuses on coming up with the single, well-established answer to a problem. The solution that is derived at the end of the convergent thinking process is the best possible answer the majority of the time. This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. A useful distinction in thinking process was suggested by Joy Paul Guilford in 1967. Linear thinking, or convergent thinking, is about learning facts, follow instructions, and solving problems with one right answer. The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or … [21] The convergent thinkers are too focused with selecting the best answer that they fail to appropriately evaluate minority opinion and could end up dismissing accurate solutions. Convergent thinking occurs when the solution to a problem can be deduced by applying established rules and logical reasoning. Convergent thinking involves aiming for a single, correct solution to a problem, whereas divergent thinking involves creative generation of multiple answers to a set problem. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012, analytical, usually deductive, thinking in which ideas are examined for their logical validity or in which a set of rules is followed, e.g. Normal anxiety ; Norm ; Nonverbal communication ; Nontraditional students ; Nonsuit Recent. 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In problem solving the personality correlates of divergent thinking where judgment is deferred while looking for fallacies and problems.

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